Early on there may be no symptoms. In more advanced cancers, symptoms of esophageal cancer include:
- Difficulty or pain when swallowing
- Weight loss
- Pain in the chest, behind the breastbone
- Indigestion and heartburn
What Are Risk Factors for Esophageal Cancer?
There are a number of factors which increase a person’s risk of developing esophageal cancer. They include:
- Smoking or other use of tobacco
- Heavy alcohol use
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), in which contents and acid from the stomach back up into the esophagus
- Barrett’s esophagus, a condition that affects the lower part of the esophagus and can lead to esophageal cancer; Barrett’s esophagus may be caused by GERD. Over time, stomach acid in the esophagus can cause changes in the cells that increase risk for adenocarcinoma.
In addition, certain groups — men, the elderly, and people who are obese — are at greater risk for esophageal cancer. Risk of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus is higher in white men, but squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus is more common in Asian men and men of color.
How Is Esophageal Cancer Diagnosed?
To diagnose esophageal cancer, your doctor will review your symptoms, medical history, and examine you. In addition, they may order certain blood tests and X-rays.
Reference link : https://www.webmd.com/cancer/esophageal-cancer
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